Festung Brod (Fortress Brod)
Slavonski Brod, Croatia
The Fortress Brod (Festung Brod in German language) is a remarkable monument of the Baroque architecture of the 18th century. In the European history of Baroque fortifications it played significant role as part of the system of fortified towns on the frontier towards Turkish Empire. Prince Eugene of Savoy designed it at the beginning of the 18th century. Although uniform in architecture the Fortress was built in three different construction stages during 18th century. Building of the fortress was finished at the time of queen Maria Theresia in seventies of the 18th century, when greater part of edifices within the fortress were finished, including a unique structure of Cavalier the greatest building of this type in fortification architecture in general.
In 1994 the concept of integral reconstruction of the Fortress has been accepted, which decision was supported by the well-preserved original documentation and the practice in other European countries. Since 1995, in the reconstructed edifice of Slavonian garrison, Franciscans lead the Brod Classical Gymnasium, St. Mihovil's and St. Eugen's Bastions as well as the Edifice of Officer's Pavillion, the seat of the city administration, are renovated.
In the casemates of the west cavalier of Fortress Brod there is today the building of the Gallery Ruzic with notable collection from the Donation of Branko Ruzic (Slavonski Brod, 1919 - Zagreb, 1997), world famous and respectable contemporary Croatioan sculptor and other Croatian sculptors and painters, his friends and associates.
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